(1) What year was Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated?
c. 1968: He was killed in Memphis, Tenn., where he had gone to support a strike by sanitation workers.
(2) Where did Rosa Parks become famous?
c. On a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her arrest Dec. 1 lead to a yearlong boycott aimed to desegregate the bus system.
(3) Which president signed the first major civil rights act of this century?
b. Lyndon B. Johnson. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on July 2 that year.
(4) Which president signed the law creating the Martin Luther King holiday?
d. Ronald Reagan. It was in November 1983, more than 15 years after King was killed.
(5) What was the name of King’s first book?
a. Stride Toward Freedom. He was only 29 years old when it was published.
(6) Where was the tactic of the sit-in protest first used?
a. At a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. The 1960 protest was one of the key moments in the civil-rights movement.
(7) Where did King deliver his “I have a Dream” speech?
c. At the Lincoln Memorial. He addressed a quarter-million people who turned out for the 1963 March on Washington.
(8) Who is the protagonist of the novel Charles Johnson is writing?
c. A bodyguard in Chicago. In the novel, this man was picked because of his resemblance to King.
(9) What foreign figure has King been compared to?
b. Mohandas Gandhi. King admired Gandhi greatly, and traveled to India in 1959.
(10) What year was the Martin Luther King Jr. national holiday first observed?
d. 1986. The first legislation for the holiday had been proposed almost 18 years earlier.
(11) What black leader was killed five years before King’s assassination?
c. Medgar Evers. The NAACP leader was murdered June 12, 1963.
(12) Why was King arrested in 1956?
b. Driving too fast. (He was driving 30 mph in a 25 mph zone.) That same year, in the very early days of the civil-rights movement, his house was bombed.
About.com’s Kimberly Powell has also posted a summary of MLK’s family tree.