Lone Star and Providence Plantations – Pierre Sauve

Pierre Sauve Plantation’s, Lone Star and Providence, were seized during the Civil War from some time period in October of 1863 until October 1865. Mr. Sauve was a sugar planter. It was said that Pierre Sauve was loyal to the United States. He died 12 May 1867 in New Orleans at 62 years of age. A claim was made by Suave’s heirs in November 1894 after Pierre Suave’s death for compensation. The heirs are not specifically named in the document.  The claim lists over $408,000.00 in losses, however, it does not indicate compensation was given. Obviously, in looking at the plantation inventory before the Civil War and after the Civil War, there was much lost.

Valcour Aime’s diary mentions Mr. Sauve’s plantation oak trees in 1854, citing that all but eight of the twenty-eight oak trees located on Lone Star or Providence plantation were standing after a 29th March storm. Aime pointed out that the storm traveled from Point Coupee on down damaging homes, blowing down sugar houses, and uprooting trees. The congressional document cites over 1,400 acres was owned by Mr. Suave where his plantation grew sugar cane.

Among some of the most interesting aspects of Suave’s inventory noted were 55 negroes. 45 of which were women and children, seven books titled “American Archives” and a small hospital. My questions: Of the 55 negroes, were 10 men? Could there also be a small cemetery located on the property? Most civil war era hospitals also had a cemetery just as most family plantations during this period. What are the 7 book titles, American Archives?  Were these personal bits of Americana from his father or were these books concerning the early 1800’s Legislative Council of New Orleans?

Lone Star plantation is noted in the Mississippi River Commission reports and is located along the Mississippi river. There were levees and railroads near and just North of Lone Star Plantation. The reports also list Lone Star Plantation as a Mississippi River landing with a distance of 938 miles from Cairo, placing Destrehan Plantation upriver and Speranza Plantation downriver in St. Charles Parish. Markers were placed in 1893 by the Mississippi River Commission US ARMY. The document follows the river and names nearby plantations. Here is a list of those nearby plantations:

Plantations near Lone Star by way of the Mississippi River 
Distances from Cairo, Illinois
Mount Airy Plantation 913mi
Terre Haute Plantation 918 mi
Bonnet Carre, LA (place name) 924mi
Hermitage Plantation 930mi
Propsect Plantation 933mi
Hahnville, LA (place name) 933mi
Speranza Plantation 935mi
Detrahan Plantation 937mi
Kennerville, (place name) 945mi
Nine Mile Point, LA  (place name) 953mi

Here is a description of  the markers placed along the river:

Mr. Suave’s plantation was quite controversial.  His name is noted as having issues with his mortgage during the bankruptcy of the Bank of Louisiana and it is mentioned again in a lawsuit over taxes owed.

 May 31, 1849 copy of May 19th New Orleans Picayune article
Suave’s Crevasse

May 3, 1849 Map facimile of Suave’s Crevasse Inundation

The area above the Mississippi River that is shaded had water from four to six feet deep. Oddly enough there is a map from the Mississippi River Commission in the late 1890’s that describes an unknown cemetery on Toledano Street across from the New Orleans Canal near S. White Street. Both the 1849 map and the 1890’s map show the palmetto. This area is flooded in 1849 due to the Suave crevasse and under six feet of water from May until June. I seriously doubt that the Mississippi River Commission would place a cemetery on their maps that did not exist at all.  When I pointed this out to others, it was said that the cemetery icon was for “planning purposes”. Highly unlikely in my opinion. I have yet to see a Mississippi River Commission map that was “imaginative” in its source material.

“The 1849 crevasse at Suavé Plantation was eventually plugged by driving a line of timber piles and piling up thousands of sand bags against these on the land-side of the pile wall. This work was of unprecedented proportions until that time and took six weeks to complete before the river’s waters were once again confined to their natural channel.” —HISTORY OF THE NEW ORLEANS FLOOD PROTECTION SYSTEM c. 2006

In 1817 this excerpt below indicated that Suave’s plantation was known to flood. Pierre Suave was only 12 years old in 1817 having been born abt 1805.

NOLA wrote a story on Suave’s Crevasse in August 2011 and shared the historical newsclip from the Picayune. The Creoles of Louisiana by George Washington Cable devotes an entire chapter to Sauve’s Crevasse citing over twelve thousand people were flooded, two hundred-twenty inhabited squares, and two thousand tenements.


About Louisiana Genealogy Admin

I manage several RootsWeb mailing lists and message boards, support Louisiana Cemetery Preservation, am a former Louisiana and Mississippi librarian, have been researching genealogy of my family since 1988, and write and promote several blogs supporting either Louisiana genealogy or Louisiana cemeteries.
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